The percentages above are determined by the refiner depending on market demand and supply for each of the refined products.
*Data provided by EIA November 2013
Trading energy futures products in your portfolio enables you to take advantage of many benefits NYMEX has to offer in this
West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil futures have been a transparent global benchmark for crude oil prices. WTI light sweet
crude oil is of extremely high quality and can be refined into more gasoline per barrel than any other type. It is the primary type
of crude oil refined in the United States, the largest gasoline consuming country in the world.
Fundamental factors that influence WTI crude oil futures prices go beyond simply the supply of oil to include the demand for its main
refined products—gasoline, heating oil and diesel fuel. Prices of these products can also shift with the seasons and the economy.
The RBOB futures contract represents blending components that make the gasoline used in cars and other vehicles, i.e.,
unleaded gas. Gasoline accounts for nearly half of U.S. petroleum product consumption, according to the U.S. Energy
Information Administration. The RBOB initials stand for Reformulated Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending.
RBOB futures prices are affected by the price of crude oil, from which it is refined, as well as the demand for gasoline. Traders
in RBOB futures find opportunities in watching the ever-shifting relationship between crude oil and its refined products, each
with its own set of supply/demand influencers.
Heating oil prices, driven largely by weather and seasonality, represents a unique part of the energy sector. Prices are closely pinned
to spot prices on jet fuel and diesel fuel and there are natural connections to other fuels such as crude oil and RBOB. These closely
related fuels can offer several opportunities to the trader looking to take advantage of the relationship between these markets.
“Crack Spread” pricing is quoted as Refined Product minus Crude Oil. However, refined products such as RBOB or ULSD are
quoted in gallons while Crude Oil is in barrels. A conversion must be calculated in order to get a common quotation. How do we
convert knowing 1 barrel is equivalent to 42 gallons? See charts below.